The term for a person whose gender identity, expression or behaviour does not conform to that typically associated with the sex they were born. This confusion is largely the result of the mother projecting her strong wishes for a child of the opposite sex to what was actually born, and is outworked in how the child is brought up and even dressed.

Another factor is a breakdown in the emotional relationship with the parent of the same sex, usually at a young age. This same-gender relationship is where we absorb that identity – a learned behaviour. When a young, impressionable child is detached from that figurehead confusion about sexual orientation may result. Early childhood upbringing and hormonal disorders may also contribute to the unnatural feelings of those who perceive this mis-match of mind and body with some even undertaking medical assistance to transition from one gender to another.

See also: identity, gender, trans-sexual.

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