This originates from two springs near Mount Hermon, flows south into the Sea of Galilee that is 210 m below sea level, then continues to the Dead Sea some 422 m below sea level. Most of the year the flow is minimal yet during spring it is swifter and much greater in volume (Josh 3:15). This meandering river is about 250 kms long with up to 90% of its water used for human consumption and irrigation. As the river valley is mild in winter and very hot in summer it is very productive. The river was recognized as a natural, defining boundary during the conquest under Joshua’s leadership, and was the scene of John the Baptist’s ministry (Josh 1:11; Mt 3:1,6).