In the biblical world this term referred to any Gentile or non-Jewish person.  All male Jews were circumcised, distinguishing them as God’s people, while Gentiles generally were not, hence the clear dividing line. In the spiritual realm physical circumcision is no longer of any significance for salvation is freely available to all and what God requires is the choosing to keep His commands (Rom 2:28,29; 1 Cor 7:18; Eph 2:11-13; Col 3:11). Instead, it is a requirement of Christians to put off the old life of the flesh – that is, to undergo a spiritual circumcision indicating obedience and covenant relationship – otherwise we are still like the heathen having “uncircumcised hearts and ears” (Jer 9:25,26; Act 7:51; Eph 4:22-25; Col 3:8-12).  

See also: circumcision, Gentile.

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